Under the Obama administration a new immigration option has become available and another has been floated, but never actually made available.  These have been commonly referred to as DACA and DAPA, respectively.

DACA – is the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals.  It permits certain people who were brought here and do not have lawful status to receive a confirmed deferral of future deportation efforts based on that lack of status.  It is not a permanent solution and it does not convey legal status such as permanent residency, however, it is a powerful tool that offers a new segment of society a more stable life here in the United States where they grew up.

DAPA – is the Deferred Action for Parents that was originally proposed by Obama in November 2014.  It is a program that would expand the availability of the confirmed deferral of future deportation efforts based on lack of status.  However, prior to this form of deferral becoming available, there was a challenge by a state that has in effect – prevented the government from offering this relief.